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Title: Forms of Greeting and Taking Leave in english and Awadhi language
Authors: Tharu Kumal, Bir Bahadur
Keywords: Greeting;Taking Leave
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Department of English Education
Abstract: The research workwas an attempt to list out and compare the forms of greetingand taking leave used by the native speakers of Awadhi with those in Englishforms.For this purpose, I consulted thepopulation of different VDCs of Dangdistrict. Aset ofquestionnaire was used to collect data from selected samplepopulation. In the case of English, secondary sources of information availablein books and theseswere used. The data was collected from four VDCs ofDang district. The finding of the studyshowthat there are very few forms ofgreeting and taking leave in English in comparison tothat ofAwadhi language.In Englishhello, hi, good morning, goodafternoon, 'good eveningare commonforms of greeting.Good-bye,bye-bye, see you and love youare common formsof taking leave. The Awadhi language has got a number of forms for greetingand taking leave. Such as,pranam, sewa, dhog, dandawat, namaste, sita-ram,raam-raamare the forms of greeting for seniors andnamaste, jug-jug jeyo,gyane bano, bhagyamani rahoare the forms for juniors. In the case of takingleaveraam-raam, siyaraam, pranam, namaste, leu to ham jaithanfor seniorsandleu to baitho, hum jaithan, achchhato namasteare for juniors. Awadhispeakers use different types of address forms while speaking with the seniorsand juniors but English speakers use the same form to seniors and juniors.InAwadhi language in formal situations generally greeting forms preceded orfollowed by the post of the person being greeted but in English greetingformsinformal situations greeting forms appear after post of the person being greeted.In English differentformsare used in different periods of time of a day buttimedoes notplay any determining role in choosingformsof greeting inAwadhi.In Awadhi,theformsthat are used for greeting can be used whiletaking leave as well. e.g.pranam, namaskar, sewa dhogand dandawad. But inEnglish theformsof greeting are notused in taking leave.The termjaithan(I'm going) is very important in taking leavein Awadhi but in English it is notused. The study has been presented in the five chapters. The firstchapter deals withbackground of the study, statement of the problems, objective of the study, x research questions, significance of the study, delimitationsof the study andoperational definition of the key terms. The second chapter includes review oftheoretical literature, review of empirical literature, implication of the reviewfor the study and conceptual framework. The third chapter includes methodsand procedures of the study which consist of design and methods of the study,population sample and sampling strategy, data collection tools and dataanalysis and interpretation procedures. The fourth chapter deals withtheanalysis and interpretation of results and summary of findings. The best chapterconsists of conclusion and recommendations.
Appears in Collections:English Language Education

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