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Title: Pronominal In English and Darai
Authors: Adhikari, Narayan Prasad
Keywords: Darai language;English language
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Faculty of Education
Institute Name: Prithivi Narayan Campus, Pokhara
Level: Masters
Abstract: This research entitled"Pronominal in English and Darai "hasbeen prepared to determine the Darai pronominal, to find outsimilarities and differences between Darai and English pronominaland to list pedagogical implications and recommendations on thebasis of the findings of the study. To accomplish this task, theresearcherelicited data from both primary and secondary sources.The native speakers of the Darai language were the primarysources of the data and different books, journals, magazines andtheses were the secondary sources of the data. Forty Darai speakerswere selected through stratified random sampling. The informantshad been selected from different places of Vyas Municipality,Tanahun. Among the informants, thirty were educated and ten wereilliterate. Major findings of the study reveal the fact that Daraipronominal have suffixation system, especially for objective,dative and genitive cases. Nasal sound /n/ occurs in the finalposition of subjective pronoun in Darai but it does not occur inEnglish. English has separate third person pronominal for male andfemale i.e. 'he' for male and 'she' for female. But Darai has thesame pronominal /ughain/ for both male and female. English hasonly one third person neuter i.e. 'it' for both near and far. But Daraihas separate words i.e. /isein/ for nearness and /usein/ fordistance.English has the same form 'you' for different cases but the Darailanguage has different second person pronominal for numbers andcases i.e. /tain/ is for singular and /tahen/ is for plural. Allpossessive pronouns end in /hra/ but the third person plural ends in/ko/ in Darai. Objective and dative can be formed by adding /ke/ inthe final part of the possessive. Genitive pronoun can be formed byadding the suffix /hi/ with the possessive pronouns. Both Englishand Darai demonstrative pronominalcan be seen from two 9 perspectives: distance and number. Relative pronouns in bothlanguages are more similar in form. Both languages have relativepronominal for persons and things. Interrogative pronominal arealso more similar in form in both languages. This research work consists of four chapters. Chapter one isintroduction. It encompasses general background, an introductionto the English language, linguistic scenario of Nepal, anintroduction to the Darai language, an introduction to thepronominal, an overview on contrastive analysis, review of therelated literature, objectives of the study, significance of the studyand definition of specific terms. Chapter two, deals with themethodology. It encompasses sources of data, population of thestudy, sampling procedure, research tools and process of datacollection and limitations of the study. Chapter three is veryimportant. It includes the analysis and interpretation of data. Thedata are descriptively presented, analyzed and compared. Chapterfour incorporates findings, recommendations and pedagogicalimplications of the study.
Appears in Collections:English Language Education

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