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Title: Community Managed Drinking Water Supply In Nepal: A Case Study of Ichangu Narayan VDC in Kathmandu
Authors: Adhikari, Narayan Prasad
Keywords: drinking water supply system;community managed drinking water
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Central Department Of Rural Development
Institute Name: Central Department of Rural Development
Level: Masters
Abstract: Drinking water facility is one of the basic needs of people. Providing pure drinking water and sanitation improves the health and hygiene of the people. The healthy populations of the nation are a prime factor of economic growth and development. Proper use of pure drinking water helps to control water-borne diseases and reduces medical expenses. Easily available drinking water for households uses reduces the time span and contributes to invest other activities i.e. income generating, which is the prime factor of increasing family standard and human development. Water collection in Nepal is often responsibility of women usually and sometimes also of children, which is also never ending process because of inevitability of water in our life every moment. Community managed drinking water supply system reduces the workload of women and they can involve in other activities especially to fulfill the needs and demands of the family. This study has been carried out on effectiveness of community managed drinking water supply system has been completed as study of the Ichangunarayan VDC in Kathmandu District. The main objective of this study is to dig out the effectiveness of community managed water supply system at Ichangunarayan VDC. The study has been completed by using primary as well as secondary data. Primary data were collected by using different tools & technique of data collection such as questionnaires, observation, group discussion, checklist and key informant interview. Similarly, secondary data were collected by visiting and consulting library, VDC profile, CBS library, Department of water and sewerage library, and experiences persons. Moreover, the secondary data were collected by online. Altogether 52 respondents were requested to fill up the structured questionnaire. The gap between responses of respondents and study objectives was fulfilled by using other tools of data collection mentioned in above paragraph. Community managed drinking water supply system has brought positive changes to the people of study area. About 77 percent respondents replied clean and pure water supply system, rest of them 23 percent replied as impure and moderate quality of drinking water. More than 85 percent respondents were found to be satisfied. After the completion of the study, it was found that this society is a Newar dominated with 42.32 percent out of total respondents. Similarly, the second ethnic group is Lama, which occupies 17.31 percent. This study had used the descriptive cum exploratory research design. Besides, case study research design was applied for households survey. It was used simple random sampling for households survey whereas, purposive sampling for location selection. This study had applied interview key informant interview, observation and Focus Group Discussion as the tool and technique for data collection. In a nut shell, by completing this research work it had dug out that Community Managed Drinking Water provides double benefits as Sustainable Drinking Water management and Natural resource management.
Appears in Collections:Rural Development

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