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Title: Study of Street Children (A Case Study of Ratnapark Area) Kathmandu, Nepal
Authors: Paudeyal, Nirajan
Keywords: Street Children;Origin;Ethnicity;Involvement
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Department of Rural Development
Institute Name: Central Department of Rural Development
Level: Masters
Abstract: The problem of street children is universal phenomenon. It is comparatively very high in those countries where there is rapid growth of urbanization. The number of street children has grown in recent decades because of widespread recession, political turmoil, civil unrest, increasing family disintegration, natural disaster, and growing urbanization. The street children could be orphaned or abandoned children or simply neglected or runways. They could be with or without family. They are also termed as community children. Because of the various reasons such as family causes, social causes, economic causes, political causes that force them to be in the street. During the research, 50 samples from Ratnapark area were taken along with semi observation technique to acquire relevant information and data. Secondary data from social workers and NGOs are used significantly. Majority of the street children aged between 9 to 13 years are migrating to Kathmandu for survival and being street children. The highest number of the street children was found from Brahmin/Chhetri family and rest of them were from privilege groups like Tamang, Newar, Sherpa etc. The literacy status of the respondents is low. Most of them dropped out school due to economic crisis in family and not paid school fee. Many children do have homes and parents. Even do, they are in the street because most of the parents are alcoholic, economic crisis in family, for searching jobs in Kathmandu, city attraction from their friends, etc. It was observed that extreme household poverty is the contributing factor for migration of children and engaging in street work. Street children were involved in different economic activities such as rag picking, begging, hotel, tempo/micro bus conductor, domestic work etc. Those children who feel bad with their jobs, they get inhuman treatment from their employers and have not secured in the street. Being risky and hazardous work for children they encounter with various injuries/accidents and illness during working period. But, they are not provided medical expenses. On the other hand, they are extremely harassed and abused by adults. Mostly they use drugs just for relax. They need more freedom and forget any kind of problem. But some children use drugs for killing sadness and fear. They use when they have to involve in crime, stealing and pick pocketing jobs. Almost all children want to leave drugs to fulfill their future plan and for betterment of their life.
Appears in Collections:Rural Development

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